Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures

 

Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures


Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design

Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures



Write Your Goals - Label Sticker - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design
Write Your Goals - Labels Stickers - Printable - Spring Floral Monogram Design - 15 Free Image Pictures


Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures

 

Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures


Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures


Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design 
Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design 
Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design 
Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design 
Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design 
Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design 
Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design 
Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design 
Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design 
Personal Goals - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures


Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images


Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images



"Don’t wait until you’ve reached your goal to be proud of yourself. Be proud of every step you take toward reaching that goal.”

Unknown

Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images



"Let go of the idea that your problem is permanent. Few troubles last forever. And those that cannot be solved can usually be managed."

Unknown
Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images



"When you feel like quitting, think about why you started.”

Unknown
Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images



"Don’t compare yourself to others. Compare yourself to the person from yesterday."

Unknown
Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images



“Every oak tree started as a couple of nuts who decided to stand their ground.”

Unknown
Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images



“Results happen over time, not overnight. Work hard, stay consistent and be patient.”

Unknown
Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images



"You have only failed if you fail to try."

Unknown
Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images



"Live more simply, so that you can find time to enjoy the little pleasures of life."

Unknown
Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images



"Thoughts are boomerangs, returning with precision to their source. Choose wisely which ones you throw."

Unknown
Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images



"Discipline is organized love."

Unknown
Quotes About Life To Inspire You By Unknown - Printable Digital Decor - Floral Watercolor Pastel Pink Design - Free Images


Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures

 

Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design

Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design
Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design
Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design
Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design
Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design
Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design
Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design
Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design
Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures



Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design
Goal Oriented - Printable Digital Art Decor - Black Gold Brown Beige Design - 10 Free Image Pictures


The Demands Of Practical Life - Psychology And Industrial Efficiency


The Demands Of Practical Life - Psychology And Industrial Efficiency

The Demands Of Practical Life - Psychology And Industrial Efficiency




The Demands Of Practical Life


While in this way the progress of psychology itself and the development of the psychology of individual differences favored the growth of applied psychology, there arose at the same time an increasing demand in the midst of practical life. Especially the teachers and the physicians, later the lawyers as well, looked for help from exact psychology. The science of education and instruction had always had some contact with the science of the mind, as the pedagogues could never forget that the mental development of the child has to stand in the centre of educational thought.



For a long while pedagogy was still leaning on a philosophical psychology, after that old-fashioned study of the soul had been given up in psychological quarters. At last, in the days of progressive experimental psychology, the time came when the teachers under the pressure of their new needs began to inquire how far the modern laboratory could aid them in the classroom. The pedagogical psychology of memory, of attention, of will, and of intellect was systematically worked up by men with practical school interests. We may notice in the movement a slow but most important shifting.



At first the results of theoretical psychology were simply transplanted into the pedagogical field. Experiments which were carried on in the interest of pure theoretical science were made practical use of, but their application remained a mere chance by-product. Only slowly did the pedagogical problems themselves begin to determine the experimental investigation. The methods of laboratory psychology were applied for the solving of those problems which originated in the school experience, and only when this point was reached could a truly experimental pedagogy be built on a psychological foundation. We stand in the midst of this vigorous and healthy movement, which has had a stimulating effect on theoretical psychology itself.



We find a similar situation in the sphere of the physician. He could not pass by the new science of the mind without instinctively feeling that his medical diagnosis and therapy could be furthered in many directions by the experimental method. Not only the psychiatrist and nerve specialist, but in a certain sense every physician had made use of a certain amount of psychology in his professional work. He had always had to make clear to himself the mental experiences of the patient, to study his pain sensations and his feelings of comfort, his fears and his hopes, his perceptions and his volitions, and to a certain degree he had always tried to influence the mental life of the patient, to work on him by suggestion and to help him by stimulating his mind.



But as far as a real description and explanation of such mental experiences came in question, all remained a dilettantic semi-psychology which worked with the most trivial conceptions of popular thinking. The medical men recognized the disproportion between the exactitude of their anatomical, physiological, and pathological observation and the superficiality of their self-made psychology. Thus the desire arose in their own medical circle to harmonize their psychological means of diagnosis and therapy with the schemes of modern scientific psychology.



The physician who examines the sensations in a nervous disease, or the intelligence in a mental disease, or heals by suggestion or hypnotism, tries to apply the latest discoveries of the psychological laboratory. But here, too, the same development as in pedagogy can be traced. The physicians at first made use only of results which had been secured under entirely different points of view, but later the experiments were subordinated to the special medical problems. Then the physician was no longer obliged simply to use what he happened to find among the results of the theoretical psychologist, but carried on the experiments in the service of medical problems. The independent status of experimental medical psychology could be secured only by this development.



In somewhat narrower limits the same may be said as to the problems of law. A kind of popular psychology was naturally involved whenever judges or lawyers analyzed the experience on the witness stand or discussed the motives of crime or the confessions of the criminal or the social conditions of criminality. But when every day brought new discoveries in the psychological laboratory, it seemed natural to make use of the new methods and of the new results in the interest of the courtroom. The power of observation in the witness, the exactitude of his memory, the character of his illusions and imagination, his suggestibility and his feeling, appeared in a new light in view of the experimental investigations, and the emotions and volitions of the criminal were understood with a new insight.



Here, too, the last step was taken. Instead of being satisfied with experiments which the psychologist had made for his own purposes, the students of legal psychology adjusted experiments to the particular needs of the courtroom. Investigations were carried on to determine, the fidelity of testimony or to find methods for the detection of hidden thoughts and so on. Efforts toward the application of psychology have accordingly grown up in the fields of pedagogy, medicine, and jurisprudence, but as these studies naturally do not remain independent of one another, they all together form the one unified science of applied psychology.



As soon as the independence of this new science was felt, it was natural that new demands and new problems should continue to originate within its own limits. There must be applied psychology wherever the investigation of mental life can be made serviceable to the tasks of civilization. Criminal law, education, medicine, certainly do not constitute the totality of civilized life. It is therefore the duty of the practical psychologist systematically to examine how far other purposes of modern society can be advanced by the new methods of experimental psychology.



There is, for instance, already, far-reaching agreement that the problems of artistic creation, of scientific observation, of social reform, and many similar endeavors must be acknowledged as organic parts of applied psychology. Only one group of purposes is so far surprisingly neglected in the realm of the psychological laboratory: the purposes of the economic life, the purposes of commerce and industry, of business and the market in the widest sense of the word. The question how far applied psychology can be extended in this direction is the topic of the following discussions.



Excerpt From Psychology And Industrial Efficiency By Hugo M√ľnsterberg


Applied Psychology - Psychology And Industrial Efficiency


Applied Psychology - Psychology And Industrial Efficiency

Applied Psychology - Psychology And Industrial Efficiency



Applied Psychology


Our aim is to sketch the outlines of a new science which is to intermediate between the modern laboratory psychology and the problems of economics: the psychological experiment is systematically to be placed at the service of commerce and industry. So far we have only scattered beginnings of the new doctrine, only tentative efforts and disconnected attempts which have started, sometimes in economic, and sometimes in psychological, quarters. The time when an exact psychology of business life will be presented as a closed and perfected system lies very far distant. But the earlier the attention of wider circles is directed to its beginnings and to the importance and bearings of its tasks, the quicker and the more sound will be the development of this young science.


What is most needed to-day at the beginning of the new movement are clear, concrete illustrations which demonstrate the possibilities of the new method. In the following pages, accordingly, it will be my aim to analyze the results of experiments which have actually been carried out, experiments belonging to many different spheres of economic life. But these detached experiments ought always at least to point to a connected whole; the single experiments will, therefore, always need a general discussion of the principles as a background. In the interest of such a wider perspective we may at first enter into some preparatory questions of theory. They may serve as an introduction which is to lead us to the actual economic life and the present achievements of experimental psychology.


It is well known that the modern psychologists only slowly and very reluctantly approached the apparently natural task of rendering useful service to practical life. As long as the study of the mind was entirely dependent upon philosophical or theological speculation, no help could be expected from such endeavors to assist in the daily walks of life. But half a century has passed since the study of consciousness was switched into the tracks of exact scientific investigation. Five decades ago the psychologists began to devote themselves to the most minute description of the mental experiences and to explain the mental life in a way which was modeled after the pattern of exact natural sciences.


Their aim was no longer to speculate about the soul, but to find the psychical elements and the constant laws which control their connections. Psychology became experimental and physiological. For more than thirty years the psychologists have also had their workshops. Laboratories for experimental psychology have grown up in all civilized countries, and the new method has been applied to one group of mental traits after another. And yet we stand before the surprising fact that all the manifold results of the new science have remained book knowledge, detached from any practical interests. Only in the last ten years do we find systematic efforts to apply the experimental results of psychology to the needs of society.


It is clear that the reason for this late beginning is not an unwillingness of the last century to make theoretical knowledge serviceable to the demands of life. Every one knows, on the contrary, that the glorious advance of the natural sciences became at the same time a triumphal march of technique. Whatever was brought to light in the laboratories of the physicists and chemists, of the physiologists and pathologists, was quickly transformed into achievements of physical and chemical industry, of medicine and hygiene, of agriculture and mining and transportation.


No realm of the external social life remained untouched. The scientists, on the other hand, felt that the far-reaching practical effect which came from their discoveries exerted a stimulating influence on the theoretical researches themselves. The pure search for truth and knowledge was not lowered when the electrical waves were harnessed for wireless telegraphy, or the Roentgen rays were forced into the service of surgery. The knowledge of nature and the mastery of nature have always belonged together.


The persistent hesitation of the psychologists to make similar practical use of their experimental results has therefore come from different causes. The students of mental life evidently had the feeling that quiet, undisturbed research was needed for the new science of psychology in order that a certain maturity might be reached before a contact with the turmoil of practical life would be advisable. The sciences themselves cannot escape injury if their results are forced into the rush of the day before the fundamental ideas have been cleared up, the methods of investigation really tried, and an ample supply of facts collected. But this very justified reluctance becomes a real danger if it grows into an instinctive fear of coming into contact at all with practical life.


To be sure, in any single case there may be a difference of opinion as to when the right time has come and when the inner consolidation of a new science is sufficiently advanced for the technical service, but it ought to be clear that it is not wise to wait until the scientists have settled all the theoretical problems involved. True progress in every scientific field means that the problems become multiplied and that ever new questions keep coming to the surface. If the psychologists were to refrain from practical application until the theoretical results of their laboratories need no supplement, the time for applied psychology would never come.


Whoever looks without prejudice on the development of modern psychology ought to acknowledge that the hesitancy which was justified in the beginning would to-day be inexcusable lack of initiative. For the sciences of the mind too, the time has come when theory and practice must support each other. An exceedingly large mass of facts has been gathered, the methods have become refined and differentiated, and however much may still be under discussion, the ground common to all is ample enough to build upon.


Another important reason for the slowness of practical progress was probably this. When the psychologists began to work with the new experimental methods, their most immediate concern was to get rid of mere speculation and to take hold of actual facts. Hence they regarded the natural sciences as their model, and, together with the experimental method which distinguishes scientific work, the characteristic goal of the sciences was accepted too. This scientific goal is always the attainment of general laws; and so it happened that in the first decades after the foundation of psychological laboratories the general laws of the mind absorbed the entire attention and interest of the investigators.


The result of such an attitude was, that we learned to understand the working of the typical mind, but that all the individual variations were almost neglected. When the various individuals differed in their mental behavior, these differences appeared almost as disturbances which the psychologists had to eliminate in order to find the general laws which hold for every mind. The studies were accordingly confined to the general averages of mental experience, while the variations from such averages were hardly included in the scientific account. In earlier centuries, to be sure, the interest of the psychological observers had been given almost entirely to the rich manifoldness of human characters and intelligences and talents. In the new period of experimental work, this interest was taken as an indication of the unscientific fancies of the earlier age, in which the curious and the anecdotal attracted the view.



The new science which was to seek the laws was to overcome such popular curiosity. In this sign experimental psychology has conquered. The fundamental laws of the ideas and of the attention, of the memory and of the will, of the feeling and of the emotions, have been elaborated. Yet it slowly became evident that such one-sidedness, however necessary it may have been at the beginning, would make any practical application impossible. In practical life we never have to do with what is common to all human beings, even when we are to influence large masses; we have to deal with personalities whose mental life is characterized by particular traits of nationality, or race, or vocation, or sex, or age, or special interests, or other features by which they differ from the average mind which the theoretical psychologist may construct as a type.


Still more frequently we have to act with reference to smaller groups or to single individuals whose mental physiognomy demands careful consideration. As long as experimental psychology remained essentially a science of the mental laws, common to all human beings, an adjustment to the practical demands of daily life could hardly come in question. With such general laws we could never have mastered the concrete situations of society, because we should have had to leave out of view the fact that there are gifted and ungifted, intelligent and stupid, sensitive and obtuse, quick and slow, energetic and weak individuals.


But in recent years a complete change can be traced in our science. Experiments which refer to these individual differences themselves have been carried on by means of the psychological laboratory, at first reluctantly and in tentative forms, but within the last ten years the movement has made rapid progress. To-day we have a psychology of individual variations from the point of view of the psychological laboratory. This development of schemes to compare the differences between the individuals by the methods of experimental science was after all the most important advance toward the practical application of psychology. The study of the individual differences itself is not applied psychology, but it is the presupposition without which applied psychology would have remained a phantom.



Excerpt From Psychology And Industrial Efficiency By Hugo M√ľnsterberg

How To Make Your Own Dry And Wet Stamps And Patterns At Home - Vintage Styling And Design

 

How To Make Your Own Dry And Wet Stamps And Patterns At Home - Vintage Styling And Design



Below are given full instructions for dry and wet stamping, explaining how to make stamping powder, how to mix white paint for stamping dark goods and black paint for stamping light goods.


The articles necessary are a sheet of writing paper and a piece of transfer paper. The transfer paper can be made by rubbing white paper with a composition consisting of two ounces of tallow, one-half ounce powdered blacklead, one-quarter pint linseed oil, and sufficient lampblack to make it of the consistency of cream. These should be melted together and rubbed on the paper while hot. When dry it will be fit for use.


In order to make a perforated pattern of any engraving, procure a piece of writing paper larger than the design to be traced and put a piece of transfer paper on the writing paper, then place both sheets directly under the engraving and pin the three sheets together at one end, having the transfer paper between and dark side facing the writing paper.


You then take a quill with a fine point (a knitting needle will do nicely) and without leaning too hard go over all the outline of the engraving. You must be careful not to press your fingers on the engraving, as this would cause a deposit of powder the same color as the transferring paper on the writing paper.


Now remove the transfer paper and you have the design accurately traced and the pattern is ready to be perforated. Lay a couple of folds of velvet or felt on the table, place the pattern on this, and with a needle of medium size or tracing-wheel prick out the pattern, being careful to follow the outline closely and make the perforations quite close.



Mechanical enlargement of designs.


The simplest way is to enlarge by the eye, as the artists do. One method is to divide the whole design into squares and rule off the paper to be enlarged in corresponding squares of larger size. Each portion [within the square is then exactly reproduced, copying the portion in the smaller square. For embroidery designs especially we should think this would be very good.



Dry Stamping.



This is done by a process known as pouncing. The process is as follows: Place the pattern (rough side up) on the material to be stamped, placing heavy weights on the corner to keep it from slipping; then rub the powder over the perforations with the pouncet or distributor described below till the pattern is clearly marked on the material.


This can be ascertained by lifting one corner of the pattern slightly. Then remove the pattern carefully, lay a piece of thin paper over the stamping and pass a hot iron over it. This melts the gum in the powder and fastens the pattern to the material.


The iron should be as hot as possible without scorching the cloth. Should the heat change the color of the material, iron it all over. Do not do any stamping by this process on a hot or damp day if it can be avoided. Keep the powder in a cool, dry place.


In stamping with light-colored powder, the best way to fasten it is to hold the back of the cloth against the stovepipe or the face of the iron. French stamping is better, however, for all dark materials. To take the powder up on the distributor, have a tin plate with a piece of woolen cloth glued on the bottom, sprinkle a little powder on the cloth, and rub the distributor over it, taking care to shake off all the powder you can—enough will remain to stamp the pattern clearly.



To make a distributor.



Take a strip of fine felt almost an inch wide (a strip from an old felt hat is as good as anything), roll it up tightly into a roll, leaving the end flat, and rub the end over a piece of sand paper to make it smooth and even.



To make blue powder.



Take equal parts of gum damar and white rosin and just enough Persian blue to color it. Mix well together.


Other colors are made the same, using for coloring chrome yellow (for light-colored powder), burnt sienna, lampblack, etc. Black powder is improved by adding a little blue to it.



To make white powder.



Take one ounce white lead; half ounce gum arabic, in the impalpable powder; half ounce white rosin, in the fine powder. All well mixed.



Superior dark blue powder.



One ounce white rosin; one half ounce gum sandarac; one half ounce Prussian blue, in fine powder. Mix all thoroughly.



French Indelible Stamping.


This is the best process for all dark materials; in fact, this and the blue powder are all that will ever be needed. By this process a kind of paint is used instead of powder, and a brush instead of a pouncet.


Place the pattern on the cloth, smooth side up if you can (though either side will work well), weight the pattern down as in stamping. Rub the paint evenly over the perforations, and it will leave the lines clean, sharp and distinct. After the stamping is done, the pattern must be cleaned immediately.


This is done by placing the pattern on the table and turning benzine or naphtha over it to cut the paint and then wiping the pattern dry on both sides with an old cloth, or, better still, with common waste—such as machinists use to clean machinery; this is cheap and absorbs the paint and naphtha quickly.


Hold the pattern up to the light to see if the holes are all clear; if they are not, wash it the second time. Do not use the pattern for powder immediately after it has been washed; let it dry a short time, otherwise the moistened gum will clog the perforations.



To make the paint.



Take zinc white, mix it with boiled oil to about the thickness of cream, add a little drying, such as painters use. Keep in a tin pail (one holding about a pint is a good size); have a piece of board cut round, with a screw in the center for a handle, to fit loosely into the pail; drop this on the paint and it will keep it from drying up. Add a little oil occasionally to keep the paint from growing too thick, and it will always be ready for use.



The brush.



Take a fine stencil brush (or any brush with a square end), wind it tightly with a string from the handle down to within one half inch of the end; this will make it just stiff enough to distribute the paint well. Keep the brush in water, to keep it from drying up, taking care to wipe off the water before using.



The care of patterns.



New patterns, before being used, should be rubbed over on the rough side with a smooth piece of pumice stone; this wears off the burr and makes the stamping come out cleaner and finer. When patterns are so large that they have to be folded, iron out the creases before using them.


After using the patterns for powder stamping, snap the pattern to shake the powder from the perforations. After using the patterns for paint stamping they should be washed thoroughly with naphtha until the perforations are all perfectly clear.


Keep the naphtha away from the fire. After the pattern has been washed, do not use it for powder until it has had time to thoroughly dry, otherwise it will gum up the holes and spoil the pattern.


If these directions are carefully followed the stamping will always be satisfactory.—Popular Art Instructor.



Excerpt From The Ladies Book Of Useful Information.

How To Make Your Own Dry And Wet Stamps And Patterns At Home - Vintage Styling And Design
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